Gorgan is the capital of Golestan Province, located in the northeast of Iran. Gorgan historical attractions include historical monuments such as Mil-e Gonbad, the Defensive Wall and Friday Mosque are the attractions of the city. On the other hand, the intact nature and the cozy villages of this city are good opportunities to rest and relax.
Geography of Gorgan
This city is one of the most beautiful cities in the northeastern part of Iran. The climate is temperate, humid, and Mediterranean, and it rains less than the west of Mazandaran. The summertime of this city is relatively warm and sultry.
The average annual temperature in Gorgan is 13.4 °C and the average annual rainfall is 512 mm. The city is 160 meters above sea level.
There are different ways of traveling to this city:
- By airplane
Gorgan Airport is located at 7 km of Aq-Qala Road (north of Gorgan). From this airport, there are flights to Tehran, Mashhad, Isfahan, Kish, and Zahedan.
- By train
Built more than 70 years ago, the railway station of Gorgan has first and second class trains leaving daily to Tehran. The trains leaving from Gorgan to Tehran include first-class six and four-berth couchette compartments.
Local trains leaving to Zirab City are also available daily for short trips for travelers in Golestan and Mazandaran provinces.
- By car
From Tehran, the route of Firouzkouh-Sari-Gorgan is 415 km and the route of Haraz-Amol-Sari-Gorgan is 392 km. It is about 6 hours by car from Tehran to this city.
- By bus
There are buses leaving to Gorgan from some major provinces of Iran like Tehran, Alborz, Mazandaran, Gilan, Hamedan, East Azerbaijan, Yazd, Isfahan, Sistan and Baluchestan, North Khorasan, Razavi Khorasan, and South Khorasan.
However, as the other provinces are far away from Gorgan, first you have to travel to Tehran and then leave by bus from the East terminal (Tehranpars) or Argentina Terminal of Tehran to Gorgan. The access route to Gorgan by bus passes through the mountainous roads of Haraz or Firoozkooh, and you will see quite beautiful landscape on the way.
Population and Economy of Gorgan
Based on the 2016 Iranian census, the population of Gorgan City was 350,676 people.
Agriculture, husbandry, and industries related to agriculture form a part of the economy of Gorgan. There is one of the oldest factories of silk in the city.
History of Gorgan
This is the city that was formerly called Jorjan by Arabs. It was a prominent city near the current Gonbad-e Kavous. Today, its ruins are remained and are located near Imamzadeh Yahya ibn Zeyd.
In the Sassanid period, architects built a large defensive wall in this area called the Great Wall of Gorgan. There are more than 300 historical mounds in the area. One of them is the Great Shah Tappeh or Islam Tappeh, located 15 kilometers northwest of Gorgan. These mounds indicate the importance of Gorgan in different periods.
Historical Attractions inside the City
Here is the list of Gorgan historical attractions located inside the city:
Friday Mosque of Gorgan
The mosque has got an area of about 1600 m2. The building of the mosque dates back to the Seljuk era and has long brick minarets. This mosque is located next to the main bazaar of Nalbandan in Gorgan.
Gorgan Palace Museum
The palace is one of the 12 palaces in Iran that belonged to the Pahlavi royal family. It used to be their residence in the region. After some restorations, the palace building was changed into the Palace Museum of Gorgan. This is the first museum in northern Iran, the 4th specialized archaeological museum in Iran and the 24th museum in the country.
This bazaar is a historical site by itself located in the city center. The bazaar leads from the south to Imam Khomeini Street and from the west to Sarcheshmeh Neighborhood.
Unlike the bazaars of big cities such as Isfahan and Tabriz, Nalbandan bazaar was not a covered bazaar in the past, and the shops were built in two rows with open ceilings. Each row belonged to a guild.
This school dates back to the Safavid era and is located in Darb-e Noe Neighborhood, in Gorgan.
Historical Attractions outside the City
The following is a list of Gorgan historical attractions outside this city:
Defensive Wall of Gorgan
The defensive wall is the longest architectural work of Ancient Persia. It is the third-largest wall in the world after the Great Wall of China (6,000 km) and the Lemis Wall of Germany (548 km).
The 200-km Wall of Gorgan dates back to 1700 years ago when Sassanians built it. Its construction lasted 90 years. This wall extends from alongside Caspian Sea, in Gomishan District, to Golidaq Mountains, after Kalaleh City, in the northeast of Gorgan.
This caravansary dates back to post-Islam Iran and is located 35 km southeast of Gorgan, near Qozalq Mound.
Qal’eh Khandan Mound
This mound belongs to the Sassanid era and post-Islam period. It is located in the southern part of Edalat Street on Mazandaran Square, Gorgan.
Sarkhon Kalateh Mound
This mound belongs to the prehistoric period of Ancient Persia. It is located in Sarkhon Kalateh City, in Baharan district, Gorgan City.
Natural Attractions around the City
Here is the list of Gorgan natural attractions:
Golestan National Park
This National Park is one of the most popular tourist attractions in Golestan Province. It has got different climates and diverse biological forest and steppe areas, and natural landscapes. Golestan National Park is the first park in Iran that had obtained the name of National Park.
Hezar Pich Mound
It is an altitude located around Gorgan displaying a beautiful prospect of the city to visitors.
A mud volcano is a natural phenomenon where the muds of the underground reach the surface of the earth like a spring and take the form of a mound. Qarnyiaq Mud Volcano is located in Saqar Tappeh Village, in Aq Qala, Golestan Province.
The site dates back to post-Islam Iran. It is located in the northern part of the Alangdareh Forest Park in the central part of Gorgan County.
Kordkuy Forest Park
This forest park has a decent climate, relatively cool summer. In addition, Palang Pa River is flowing in this park. Kordkuy Forest Park is located 4 km south of Kordkuy City and covers an area of 54 hectares.
Ziarat Village of Gorgan
This village is a good choice for having a neat and cozy trip. It also gives you a different experience of the excursion. Imamzadeh (Shrine) of Ziarat Village, eye-catching nature, kind local people, rare landscapes, rural houses and camping opportunities in this amazing area make Ziarat Village a favorable destination for tourists. The distance between Ziarat Village and Gorgan City is 7 kilometers.
Naharkhoran Forest Park
Naharkhoran Forest Park has a lush area on both sides of the road where you can go for recreation. The good climate and the lush steep slopes are the characteristics of the park. Naharkhoran Forest Park is one of the oldest promenades of Golestan Province, located 4 km south of Gorgan City.
With a semi-circular bed, Rango Waterfall consists of a major downfall area and a few sub-downfalls. The waterfall has a height of about 7 meters. This waterfall is located 6 km southwest of Gorgan.
At 14 km west of Golestan National Park and south of Loweh Village, in Galikesh City, Minoodasht County, there are the waterfalls called Loweh.