Khorramabad is a mountainous city with beautiful nature. The small and long rivers boil from the lands and there are many historical monuments such as Falak-ol-Afalak Castle and Brick Minarets inside and outside this city. Khorramabad tourist attractions bring a large number of tourists to this city every year.
Keeyow Lake is the only natural lake inside a city, which is located in Khorramabad, Lorestan Province. This province is the first human settlements in Iran, dating back to 40 to 50 thousand years ago.
Geography of Khorramabad
This city is the 23rd most populated city in Iran and the capital of Lorestan Province. The city is located at an altitude of 11,478 meters above sea level, among the Zagros valleys. The city reaches Selseleh County on the north, Borujerd on the northeast, Doroud and Aligoudarz counties on the east, Andimeshk County on the south, and Dworeh and Pol Dokhtar counties on the west and southwest.
Khorramabad has a Mediterranean climate with a large volume of rain, especially in spring and winter. In terms of rainfall, this area is the sixth rainiest province of Iran. The average annual temperature is 17.2ᵒC and the average annual precipitation is 509 mm.
There are several options to reach Khoramabad:
This airport has only round trip flights to Mashhad and Tehran. It takes about an hour from Tehran to Khoramabad by plane.
- Car and Bus
Here are the roads connecting Khorramabad to the most important cities in Iran:
Kermanshah–Khorramabad Road: This road reaches to the northwest of the city. You must take Takavar-Nurabad-Aleshtar road and reach from Kermanshah to Khorramabad.
Ahvaz-Khorramabad: This road reaches the city from the south. You must take Ahvaz-Shush-Andimeshk road to arrive at Khorramabad.
Isfahan-Khorramabad: This road reaches east of the city. It starts from Isfahan and continues to Najaf Abad, Daran, Aligoudarz, Azna, Doroud, and gets to Khorramabad.
Tehran-Khorramabad: You can reach the city from the northeast by taking the Tehran-Khorramabad road via Qom-Salafchegan-Jalayer-Razan. The distance from Khorramabad to Tehran is 490 km.
Due to its location on the road from Tehran to the south of Iran, this city has strategic and communicative importance. Iran No. 5 highway passes through this city.
Population and Economy of Khorramabad
According to the 2016 Iranian Census, the population of Khorramabad was 373,416 people.
The economy of Khorramabad is based more on agriculture, livestock, horticulture, handicrafts, and, to some extent, engineering industries. The leather industries, agro-industries, and generator making are among the active factories in Khorramabad. In addition, the cement factory, power plant, and steelmaking are the new industries in the city.
History of Khorramabad
Lorestan is one of the first settlements in ancient Iran. Khorramabad, the capital of Lorestan Province, had played a very significant role in western Iran during the Sassanid era.
In the first periods of civilization and the appearance of government in Lorestan, the Kassites ruled in this region.
It is said that Shapur II, the king of the Sassanid Empire, built Shapur Khwast City (former name of the city during the Sassanid Empire) on the ruins of Khaidalou. During the reign of the Elamites on the west of Iran, Kheidalu, along with Madakto, Ahvaz, and Susa, was the major city of this ancient civilization.
The Elamite government ruined the city in 600 BC. After that, Shapur I, the Sassanid king, ordered the construction of a great and magnificent city in the same place in the 3rd century. This city remained from the time of Shapur I is the current Khorramabad. In the late 13th century, Shapur Khwast was destroyed and completely abandoned.
Khorramabad continued as an important city during the reign of the Safavids and after the fall of Atabakan Dynasty in Lorestan. The Safavids gave importance to the prosperity of this city.
During the Qajar period, the beautiful city of Khorramabad included only a part of the neighborhoods surrounding Falak-ol-Aflak Castle. During this period, immigration to the city increased from small and large cities, which led to the emergence of new districts and the development of Khorramabad.
During the Pahlavi era, Iran constructed the stables, barracks, and headquarters for a division of the Iranian Army within the castle of 12 towers and Falak-ol-Aflak Castle.
During the eight years of the Iran-Iraq war, Lorestan Province had a lot of military and strategic importance due to its neighborhood with the three border provinces in the west and southwest. The Iraqi Army launched airstrikes against Khorramabad several times. It is the 5th most bombed city in Iran after Abadan, Ahvaz, Dezful, and Ilam.
Meanwhile, Lorestan province is the second most damaged province in terms of financial losses caused by the Iran-Iraq war.
Historical Attractions of the City
Here is a list of Khorramabad historical attractions:
This is one of the most famous historical monuments in Khorramabad located on the ancient mounds and in the center of this city. The construction of this castle dates back to the 3rd century during the rule of Shapur I, the Sassanid king.
The position and placement of the castle on the rocks make it valuable and worthwhile. You can see the historical valley of Khorramabad through this castle.
This cylindrical-shaped minaret is located on a cuboid rocky platform in the south of Khorramabad, in Ghaziabad Neighbourhood. This minaret is known as “Brick Minaret”. In the past, Iranians used this monument as a watchtower for observing and guiding the caravans passing through the city as well as protecting the city. Historians estimate that the construction of Brick Minaret dates back to Dylamite Dynasty.
Shapuri Bridge (Broken Bridge)
Shapuri Bridge is located near Falak-ol-Aflak Castle of Khorramabad, on the south side of this monument. The monument dates back to the Sassanid era, a masterpiece of the Iranian architectural art of that period. Once, it was the access road of the west of Lorestan with eastern Lorestan, Khuzestan and Ctesiphon, the Sassanid capital.
Tomb of Baba Taher
This tomb belongs to Baba Taher, the famous Iranian poet, and mystic. It is located in the center of Khorramabad and on the western side of Falak-ol-Aflak Castle. The tomb of the famous poet is located inside the basement or crypt. There used to be a wooden shrine around the tomb but today, there is no trace of it.
Khorramabad Friday Mosque
The architects constructed this monument in 1563, under the command of a king of Atabakan Dynasty of Lorestan. The current monument has experienced several restorations and repairs in different eras. There are three inscriptions in this mosque including the law of the Safavid Dynasty.
This monument has remained from the Seljuq era and belongs to the 12th century. It is located in the east of Khorramabad. There are inscriptions on four sides of it carved in Kofic script in the Persian language.
Gerdab-e Sangi (Gerdau Bardineh)
This is a monument that remained from the Sassanid era, located in the central part of Khorramabad and among the old texture of the city, on Takhty Square. The architects built this circular-shaped structure, with a huge wall of rock, with rocks and Sarooj (traditional Iranian cement).
Iranians built this historical structure to irrigate the land and to use the watermills.
Khorramabad Gap Bathroom Complex
This building belongs to the Safavid era and is located near Gap Square in the city center of Khorramabad.
Gabri Water Mill
The mill is located in the southern part of Khorramabad, in Hossein Abad Neighbourhood. This building dates back to the Sassanid era.
Natural Attractions of the City
Here is a list of Khorramabad natural attractions:
Famous as the Turquoise Gemstone of Khorramabad, Keeyow Lake is located in the northwest of the city, with an area of 7 hectares and a depth of 3 to 7 meters. The lake is a habitat for aquatic animals and migratory as well as native birds.
The waterfall is approximately 80 kilometers away from the center of the city, about an hour and thirty minutes.
The lake is located approximately 120 kilometers from the city center, about two hours and thirty minutes away.
This forest is located about 50 kilometers, about 45 minutes, away from the city center. There are varieties of plant species in this forest.
Makhmal Kouh Forest
This forest is about 9 kilometers, about 15 minutes, away from the city center.
The waterfall is approximately 41 kilometers, about an hour, away from the center of Khorramabad.
Ney Gah Valley
The valley is located approximately 120 kilometers, about two hours and thirty minutes, away from the center of Khorramabad.
The valley is located 140 kilometers, about two hours, away from the city center.
Map of Khorramabad