Introduction of Kerman:
A great number of those people traveling to Iran, have had memorable days of their visits to Kerman and its tourist attractions. Kerman is the largest province of Iran and has got several ancient sights to offer. On the other hand, it is growing into a large industrial center in Iran and preparing for much better services for those who stay there as travelers. Fabulous architecture, a lot of local culture, Zoroastrian faith and fire temples, traditional handicrafts and beautiful landscape are some of the highlights this province offers to its visitors.
General Information about Kerman
The city is the capital of the largest province of Iran by the same name. With an altitude of 1760 m above sea level and a population of approximately 750,000 people, it rests on a flat area between sets of local mountains.They are particularly on its eastern side where a set of high mountains separate it from Kavir-e-Lut, the southern desert pit of Iran. Kerman is of moderate climate and of hot summer days. In spring, there are cases of strong winds and sand storms.
Kerman’s location has made certain journeys possible from the Persian Gulf and Oman Sea to Khorasan at the north east of Iran for trade. Also, it has been on the spice road, a branch of Silk route going to India. Therefore, the location of the city has had some vital benefits to the merchants and trade people.
Travelers visit Kerman tourist attractions that are different from other parts of Iran. There are several instances of vernacular architecture in this town too. Kerman has a long history and rich cultural heritage.
Farming is still the main source of income for this province. When you travel to Kerman from Yazd, you see a lot of pistachio gardens stretched across the desert for tens of kilometers. Also, it has the second largest copper mine of the world in Sarcheshmeh. Carpet weaving is also another craft that has made this city quite famous among Iranians and the people of the world since long time ago.
Also, the word Pateh reminds every traveler of this city in Iran and nowhere else. It is an embroidered piece of cloth traditionally made in this province from wool in traditional colors and with patterns. Kerman was well-known for the production of cashmere wool shawls and other textiles during 8th century, but you do not find them produced there anymore.
History of Kerman
Many take a tour to Iran and visit Kerman province to explore its rich history and learn more about how it has gone through several hard stages of ups and downs. According to some sources, since the time of Elamites when Sumerians traveled from the Mesopotamia to India for trade, they had to go through the mentioned mountains.
The location of Kerman is in the middle of them making it the only safe passageway to travel through. Therefore, Elamites, who had taken the responsibility of safeguarding the caravan routes, had made defensive outposts here. This is how it first turn into a settlement.
Kerman has been the subject of attacks and destruction 14 times during its history. The founder of Sassanians, Ardeshir I, gave particular attention to the city, but it underwent some destructive invasion by Arabs. Several local and national rulers dominated the city throughout the history. Abbasid caliphs did not have much power to exert in Kerman. During 11th and 12th centuries, Kerman was under Seljuk rulers.
Under Safavids, Kerman expanded rapidly and largely. The business thrived and the city exported its carpets and rugs to England and Germany. Following that prosperous period, there came a sad era when the people of the city supported Lotfali Khan Zand disliked by the next ruler, Agha Mohammad Khan, the founder of Qajar dynasty. The innocent people of Kerman paid a big price for this support as the brutal new ruler made lots of male inhabitants blind, sold women and children for slavery and destroyed the city. Historians say that an amount of approximately 20kg of eyes were taken out in one day.
Under Qajars, there was not much done to help the city recover from this catastrophic event. However, 20th century brought much better result for the welfare of the people. The city is growing into an industrialized center manufacturing various products and continuing the production of its main agricultural crop, pistachio.