Introduction of Tehran:
Most of the time, you visit Tehran at the begging of your travel to Iran. The majority of flights to Iran land in Imam Khoemini International Airport, 30 km south of the city. Although Tehran hasn’t been known as an ancient city by the same name, a visit to its tourist attractions is highly recommended as:
- You find out about modern life in Iran here,
- You can go to several interesting interesting museums,
- You begin your journey and end it here before you fly out,
- and so on.
General Information about Tehran
The city is located at the foothill of Alborz mountains with an approximate altitude of 1180 meters above sea level. Tehran is situated on a slope that goes up at the very north of Tehran making it a very favorable place to live where the temperature is always coolers than south of the city by a few degrees centigrade. Compared to the other parts of the country, Tehran has got relatively moderate temperature creating an enjoyable place to live. On the other hand, the city has got plenty of air and noise pollution partly because of its 12.5 million population.
When you visit Tehran and other cities of Iran, by comparison you find out it is very much more populated than other urban areas in Iran. The mass migration of 20th and 21st centuries to this gigantic city has occurred in search for jobs and better living conditions. Many argue that Tehran should undergo some national decentralization process to be a better place to live.
History of Tehran
The location of Tehran has been historically known as Ray, which is now a county at the south of the present-day city of Tehran. Its history dates back to 6000 BC and has been the capital of Medes and mentioned throughout the history till now. Today, you find several of Tehran tourist attractions here and at this part of Tehran.
Ray was destroyed by Arabs in 7th and Mongols in14th centuries. Yet, the inhabitants fled to Tehran, the nearby village at the time of Mongols’ invasion. Tehran began to prosper since then and came to the attention of the Iranian ruler, Karimkhan Zand, when he wanted to declare his capital city. Although he ordered a palace to be built for him in Tehran, he later decided to choose Shiraz.
With the rise of Qajars, Tehran gained its importance when it was declared the capital of Iran in 1795. Palaces were built one after another and continued to be built under the next dynasty, Pahlavi. Even after the monarchy fell apart in Iran as a result of the revolution in 1979, Tehran kept its significance as the capital of Iran.
Tehran Photo Gallery:
Places to Visit in & around Tehran:
This is the first set of palaces originally built at the end of Safavids in a garden at Central Tehran close to its grand bazaar. Pahlavi kings held coronation ceremonies here. There are several palace museums here that have got attractive items in them.
This palace compound was first started by Nasereddin Shah, the Qajar king. Pahlavi dynasty continued to reside at this garden and constructed more buildings in it.
Except for one Qajar mansion in it, this compound was chosen to be the summer residence and office of Reza Shah, founder of Pahlavi dynasty. Later, he and his son built more palaces there which are now all museums with different topics.
The extraordinary collection of gemstones and jewelry at this place is a breathtaking must-see that is housed by the central bank of Iran. The history beyond each piece is amazing. One cannot put any price on this collection and cannot find anything similar to this in the world. When you visit Tehran, make sure you can have a look at this collection.
This is also known as the national museum of Iran boasting of some of the most attractive pre-Islam items in one building and post-Islam items in another. Every piece has got its own clear history of archaeology, place of discovery and other details.
Known as the museum of ceramics and glassware, this is a fantastic set of items beautifully displayed and showcased indicating the delicacy of Iranians’ skills in crafting the items made of these materials.
The visit to this collection of the artifacts ranging from pre-Islam items to the 20th century works of art makes an amazing time spent in Tehran exploring its rich history and culture.
Carpets are the most well-known Iranian art. The collection of some of the most fabulous pieces in this museum and the variety of patterns, colors and design will amaze the visitors.
This museum surprises you by the fantastic modern items in it. There are paintings, sculptors, etc at this collection that make you familiar with Iranian modern artists.
Tehran’s bazaar mostly dates back to 19th and early 20th century with more than 10km of corridors and passageways. Lots of traditional merchants and brokers are busy working there. The ambiance is of particular interest to several tourists.
Not so far from Tehran, at Ray, south of Tehran, you can visit this tower that dates back to 12th century commemorating Tugrul Beg, the Seljuk monarch.
It is a 9th century burial place of one of the descendants of Imam Hassan (2nd Shiite Imam). Since 15th century this location was chosen to be the burial place of some of the Timurid, Safavid and Qajar rulers and kings in Iran. Therefore, the ornate structure started to be built since then and continued till now.